TOPIC 6C: THE SPANISH CONQUEST OF THE AMERICAS (C.AD 1492 – C.1572)

  • Pre-Columbian life in the Americas, including social organisation, city life and beliefs (ACDSEH016)
  • Students:
  • locate and identify the major civilisations and cities of the Pre-Columbian Americas in this period
  • outline the organisation of society in the Pre-Columbian Americas CCIU
  • describe key aspects of life in at least ONE city of the Pre-Columbian Americas, eg Teotihuacan, Tenochtitlan (Aztec), Machu Picchu (Inca) IUWEDD
  • describe the beliefs of at least ONE Pre-Columbian society in the period IUDD
  • When, how and why the Spanish arrived in the Americas, and where they went, including the various societies and geographical features they encountered (ACDSEH073)
  • Students:
  • outline and explain the reasons for Spanish conquest and settlement in the Americas
  • identify the societies that the Spanish conquered in the Americas
  • describe how geographic features influenced Spanish conquest of at least ONE society
  • The nature of the interaction between the Spanish and the Indigenous populations, with a particular focus on either the Aztecs OR Incas (ACDSEH074)
  • Students:
  • using a range of sources, describe different perspectives on the first-contact experiences between the Spanish and Aztec OR Inca society DDIU
  • explain how the Spanish conquered and controlled Aztec OR Inca society CCEU
  • The impact of the conquest on the Aztecs OR Incas as well as on the wider world (ACDSEH075)
  • Students:
  • explain how either the Aztecs OR the Incas were affected by the Spanish conquests, eg the introduction of new diseases, horses and gunpowder CCEU
  • using a range of sources, investigate at least ONE example of the wider impact of the Spanish conquests of the Americas, eg the introduction of new foods and increased wealth in Europe LICTIU
  • The longer-term effects of colonisation, including slavery, population changes and lack of control over resources (ACDSEH076)
  • Students:
  • assess the long-term effects and legacy of colonisation by the Spanish in the Americas EUIUCCT